We were planning a visit to Paris and were to leave DFW on November 14. The “setback” in the war with Islamic terrorism that occurred there made postponing our trip for a month prudent. Being blown up was as not that much of a consideration—Dallas can be pretty dangerous, though most of the hazards to life and limb here come from nitwit drivers. The monumental hassles attendant to the immediate aftermath of the Paris terror attacks, however, would have made the trip less enjoyable.
One consolation was a visit to Fort Worth’s Kimball Art Museum this past week. The museum is featuring an exhibition of Gustave Caillebotte’s works through mid- January 2016. Caillebotte, an impressionist, though somewhat more realistic than the others of the school, produced nearly all of his works in the two decades following the Franco-Prussian War and the fall of Napoleon III. He may be is best known for his paintings of urban Paris, such as The Europe Bridge (1876), and Paris Street; Rainy Day (1877). The latter is huge—more than life-size.
A number of his works were scenes observed from windows in upstairs Paris apartments such as Young Man at His Window.
The Paris Caillebotte painted, and indeed to a large extent, the central city we know today, was a creation of a massive project that began in the 1850s under the direction of Baron Haussmann. Prior to that time Paris was mostly a medieval rabbit-warren of dilapidated building and narrow streets—terribly polluted by the exhaust from horses and other draft animals. Haussmann was commissioned by the Emperor Napoleon III renovate the city and eliminate the blight and squalor that characterized it. Napoleon’s stated reasons were aesthetics. It has been charged, however, that the Emperor’s objective for creating wide boulevards was to make it easier for his army to maneuver and suppress armed uprisings; Paris had experienced six such uprisings between 1830 and 1848, all in the narrow, crowded streets in the center and east of Paris. Whether that purpose was preconceived or not, the boulevards played a substantial role in the army’s suppression of the Paris Commune, which some have characterized as earlier day terrorists, in 1871.
The project was pursued with a vengeance that would make a modern day Dallas developer jealous. Whole blocks of housing and commercial buildings were demolished to make way for the wide, tree-lined boulevards so familiar today. Many pubic buildings were planned and built, as well as the famous bridges crossing the Seine. The huge parks Bois de Boulogne on the west and Bois de Vincennes on the east were built during the 1860s. Though briefly interrupted by the Prussian siege of Paris and the Commune in 1870 – 1871, the renovation continued after Haussmann was dismissed and Napoleon’s Second Empire collapsed the same year. It wasn’t until the 1920s that the original vision was completed. The street scenes Caillebotte painted are recognizable today.
|“Boulevard Haussmann–Lafayette” Photo taken by Thierry Bézecourt|
The Caillebotte exhibition is well worth the price of admission.
2 replies on “Paris in Fort Worth”
When I first came to Chicago, the Art Institute of Chicago had mislabeled “Paris Street, Rainy Day”; they called it “Place de l'Europe On A Rainy Day”. The actual Place de l'Europe is in fact 300 meters southwest from the depicted location, near the business end of the Gare Saint-Lazare.
It may interest you to know that to do this painting, Caillebotte set his easel on the north side of Rue de Moscou, just south of its intersection with Rue de Bucarest. I personally determined this on site. The view is to the northwest from that point, and is remarkably unchanged. The man and woman with the umbrella have gone.
INCONSEQUENTIAL ACTS OF OBEDIENCE? BY STEVE FINNELL
When men obey God, is it just an inconsequential act or does it produce a result?
Does obeying Jesus result in a positive outcome?
Hebrews 5:8-9 Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things which He suffered. 9 And having been made perfect, He became to all those who obey Him the source of eternal salvation. (NASB)
If you disobey Jesus, then obviously He is not your source for salvation.
Faith only proponents say water baptism is act of obedience, but that baptism is unnecessary to receiving salvation.
Mark 16:16 He who has believed and has been baptized shall be saved; but he who has disbelieved shall be condemned.(NASB)
If obedience to God was not essential to salvation, then Jesus would have said you are saved, now obey by believing and being baptized in water. Believing is an act of obedience, just as is water baptism.
Acts 16:31 They said “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved…(NASB)
Believing is an act of obedience. Men are saved as a result of believing. Salvation does not precede obeying God. Salvation follows obedience to God.
Romans 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, “Lord who has believed our report?”(NKJV)
Believing the gospel is an act of obedience.
Not believing the gospel is an act of disobedience.
2 Thessalonians 1:8 in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God, and those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. (NKJV)
2 Thessalonians 1:8 bringing judgement on those who do not wish to know God, and who refuses to accept his plan to save themthrough our Lord Jesus Christ. (The Living Bible—Paraphrased)
Refusing to accept God's plan of salvation brings vengeance.
HOW DO MEN OBEY THE GOSPEL?
1. They obey by believing. (John 3:16) Believing is an act of obedience.
2. They obey by repenting. (Acts 2:38, Acts 3:19) Repentance is an act of obedience.
3. They obey by confession. (Romans 10:9-10, Acts 8:37) Confession is an act of obedience.
4. They obey by being immersed in water. (Acts 2:38, Mark 16:16, 1 Peter 3:21, Acts 22:16) Being baptized in an act of obedience.
Salvation is subsequent to obeying the gospel.
Salvation follows being obedient to God terms for pardon.
Salvation occurs after submitting yourself to the New Covenant terms of forgiveness from sins.
SALVATION DOES NOT OCCUR PRIOR TO BEING OBEDIENT TO THE GOSPEL PLAN OF SALVATION.
Being obedient to the gospel is not keeping the Law of Moses.
Being obedient to the gospel is not a good deed.
Being obedient to the gospel is not a meritorious act.
Being obedient to the gospel is not earning salvation.
Being obedient to the gospel does not mean that we are not saved because of God's grace.
OBEDIENCE IS ESSENTIAL TO BECOMING SAVED!
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